Skip to main content

Nicholson Collection

The largest collection of antiquities in the Southern Hemisphere
More than 30,000 artefacts of artistic and archaeological significance from Egypt, Greece, Italy, Cyprus and the Middle East.

The Nicholson Collection contains more than 30,000 artefacts representing ancient cultures from the Mediterranean, Middle East and Europe. They span the early Stone Age to late medieval times. These objects have intimate stories to tell about people’s everyday lives and their beliefs from the ancient world.

The collection was founded in 1860 by Sir Charles Nicholson (Provost 1854–62) when he donated more than 3000 artefacts from Egypt and Italy for teaching and research. Since then, the collection has expanded through ambitious acquisition programs, generous donations and private bequests.

International excavations in Egypt, Cyprus and the Middle East, partly sponsored by the University of Sydney, have uncovered other significant objects. Key excavations include those at the archaeological sites of Jericho in the West Bank and Amarna and Bubastis in Egypt. The Nicholson Museum has also supported archaeological projects by Australian researchers and students at sites such as Pella in Jordan, and Myrtou-Pigadhes and Nea Paphos in Cyprus.

Today, the Nicholson Collection constitutes the most extensive collection of antiquities in the southern hemisphere. It is a unique resource for teaching, research and public display. The collection is available to anyone seeking to understand how these ancient cultures shaped our modern societies.

Cypriot collection 鹤壁祥升多有限公司

91视频app下载安装Head of a male figurine, 600–550 BC

The Nicholson Collection holds the largest and most significant collection of Cypriot antiquities in Australia. This collection spans the neolithic to Roman and medieval periods and includes a range of artefact types from artistic ceramic vessels to intriguing sculptural works, glasswork and bronzes.

Beginning in 1860 with a single artefact from the original donation by Sir Charles Nicholson, the collection grew exponentially, especially under the curatorial direction of William J Woodhouse (honorary curator 1903–38) and James Stewart (honorary curator 1954–62).

Many of the artefacts within the collection were sourced directly from Stewart's excavations conducted at Bellapais Vounous, Karmi Palealona, Karmi Lapasta, Nicosia Ayia Paraskevi and Vasilia Kafkallia. They also came from the excavations of the sites of Myrtou Stephania and Myrtou Sphagion, conducted by Stewart's former student, Basil Hennessy, who later became Professor of Near Eastern Archaeology at the University of Sydney.

The museum holds many complete tomb groups of archaeological importance. This collection continues to grow through generous donations and benefactions from private individuals. 

Egyptian collection 云南省协富大贸易有限公司

樱花雨直播app下载污Hathor depicted on red granite column capital from the Temple of Bubastis, c.900 BC

The collection of Egyptian artefacts in the Nicholson Collection is the largest and most important in Australia. It includes objects representing ancient Egyptian history from the neolithic to the late Roman period, with mummies, monumental sculpture, inscriptions and ancient organic materials contributing to the unique nature of this collection.

The core of the collection began in 1856–57 when Sir Charles Nicholson travelled down the Nile acquiring artefacts of artistic and archaeological importance from dealers and at sites. Most of these objects were shipped to Sydney via England, where they were assessed by Joseph Bonomi of the British Museum. In 1860, they were donated by Nicholson to the University’s new Museum of Antiquities.

The Egyptian collection expanded during the late 19th and early 20th centuries through the acquisition of objects from the Egypt Exploration Fund (now Society) in London, in return for an annual subscription. Some objects, such as the 3.4 metric tonne Hathor capital pictured right, were considerably more difficult to transport than others.

Many of the artefacts came directly from the excavations conducted by Sir Flinders Petrie, a pioneer in modern archaeology. Today, the collection includes artefacts from well-known archaeological sites across Egypt including Abydos, Alexandria, Bubastis, Fayum, Heliopolis, Memphis, Saqqara and Thebes.

Greek collection 攀枝花源复成服务有限公司

恋夜秀场app下载安装Geometric krater from the Dipylon cemetery, Athens

Our Greek collections contain artefacts representative of the material culture of the Greek mainland, islands and surrounding regions, from the Bronze Age to the Late Hellenistic period. Although our wide range of ceramic vessels are the cornerstone of this collection, bronze and terracotta figurines, marble sculpture, rich jewellery items and numismatic objects contribute to its diversity.

During Sir Charles Nicholson's travels to Egypt and Europe in 1856–58, he acquired, primarily in Rome, a range of Classical and Hellenistic Greek ceramics as well as terracotta figurines. In total more than 70 significant Greek artefacts were included in the founding donation of the Nicholson Museum

Further material, representative of the Greek mainland and islands, was purchased during the curatorship of Professor Arthur Dale Trendall. His proactive acquisition program involved purchasing a wide range of ceramic types of Greek origin as well as significant contributions of sherd material for teaching purposes sought from prominent museums and individual collectors and scholars, including Sir John Beazley.

The collection was then expanded following a donation of hundreds of pottery fragments and small votive objects by the family of former curator William J Woodhouse in 1948. The majority of this material is thought to have been collected during Woodhouse's trips to Greece in the 1890s and 1930s, documented in the Woodhouse photographic collection. Most recent additions to this collection have come through generous benefactions and individual gifts to the Nicholson Museum.

Italian collection 乌鲁木齐祥隆祥机械有限公司

乐购直播app下载安装Marble sculpture of Hermes, first century

Our Italian collection represents the diversity of the ancient Italian world with significant cultural material from Etruria, South Italy and the Roman World. The first millennium BC was a time of diversity and constant cultural change in the Italian region resulting in spectacularly varied material culture across the peninsula and is the foundation for the iconic Roman Imperial traditions.

From the museum’s foundation the cultures of ancient Italy have been strongly represented in the collection. Sir Charles Nicholson spent considerable time in Rome collecting Latin inscriptions, Etruscan funerary urns and bronzes, South Italian vases and Roman lamps, figurines and ceramics. Additional large sculptural works were also acquired by Nicholson including two life-sized togatus statues along with several fragmentary figures.

The Italian collection was further developed with the acquisition of a significant corpus of South Italian vases by Arthur Dale Trendall during his curatorial tenure. The South Italian collection has been comprehensively published in two volumes of the Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum of an Australian collection.

The Italian collection is further enriched by the Roman period artefacts incorporated into the collections from Egypt, Cyprus and the Near East. These provide a unique overview of the far-reaching influences of the Roman Empire from the first century AD into the Byzantine period.

Middle Eastern collection 张家口谦金协贸易有限公司

青青草ios免费下载Assyrian archers carved on limestone from Ninevah, NM51.323

Our collection of Middle Eastern artefacts represents many of the great cities and civilisations that flourished along the Levantine coast, across Mesopotamia and along the Indus Valley. The collection spans centuries of culture from the Prehistoric Natufian period to the Roman era.

The Middle Eastern collection began with a handful of artefacts from Ur, donated by the British Museum in 1926. This was greatly expanded in the mid-20th century by the acquisition program of program of the curator Arthur Dale Trendall, and his successor Professor James Stewart. Both curators wrote countless letters to museums and government agencies around the world requesting representative samples of artefacts to ensure the Nicholson Museum’s holdings reflected the diversity of this expansive region.

The University of Sydney also contributed financially to archaeological excavations and projects in the Middle East, most notably Dame Kathleen Kenyon’s excavations at Jericho. In return for the University's support, the Nicholson Museum received a consignment of objects at the end of each season, including full tomb groups from the Bronze Age and rare finds such as our neolithic plastered skull.

Other items have been acquired through generous donations of individual archaeologists, including Sir Leonard Woolley and Sir Flinders Petrie, as well as from archaeological institutes, museums and private donors.

Featured image (top of the page): Mummy of a boy, early-second century, found in Thebes, Egypt

盘她ios免费下载 花狐狸直播app下载安装 黄瓜视频app下载安装 猫咪软件ios免费下载 小小影视app下载安装 AVBOBOapp下载污 梦幻直播ios免费下载 大番号ios免费下载 BB直播app下载安装 大番号app下载安装 心上人直播ios免费下载 含羞草视频下载app视频污版 逗趣直播app下载安装 iavboboios免费下载 含羞草下载app视频污版 蜜橙视频app下载安装 盘他直播下载app视频污版 草莓直播app下载安装 91视频app下载安装 iAVBOBOapp下载安装 丝瓜视频污ios免费下载 烟花巷app下载安装 火辣直播下载app视频污版 97豆奶视频app下载安装 JAV名优馆ios免费下载 黄瓜视频下载app视频污版 花姿直播app下载安装 富二代f2app下载安装 大番号下载app视频污版 蝴蝶直播app下载安装 69热app下载安装 s8视频ios免费下载 Avnightios免费下载 葫芦娃视频app下载安装 A头条下载app视频污版 千层浪直播下载app视频污版 Avnightapp下载安装 宅男之家ios免费下载 音色短视频app下载污 快狐短视频ios免费下载 葡萄视频app下载安装 富二代f2抖音ios免费下载 成版人抖音ios免费下载 黄瓜下载app视频污版 西瓜直播下载app视频污版 啪嗒视频ios免费下载 向日葵视频ios免费下载 蓝颜ios免费下载 趣播ios免费下载 蓝颜app下载安装 芭乐app下载安装 米老鼠直播ios免费下载 快狐短视频ios免费下载 花样视频app下载安装 左手视频ios免费下载 套路直播ios免费下载 小奶狗视频下载app视频污版 西瓜直播下载app视频污版 望月直播app下载安装 麻豆传媒视频ios免费下载 火辣直播app下载安装 花样视频app下载污 红楼直播ios免费下载 米老鼠直播ios免费下载 樱桃ios免费下载 大番号下载app视频污版 大番号下载app视频污版 卡哇伊app下载安装 红楼直播ios免费下载 草莓直播ios免费下载 小草莓下载app视频污版 富二代f2ios免费下载 依恋直播app下载安装 花仙子直播app下载安装 猛虎视频下载app视频污版 香蕉app下载安装 小酒窝直播下载app视频污版 后宫视频app下载污 荔枝下载app视频污版 花姬直播下载app视频污版 夏娃直播app下载污 可乐视频ios免费下载 番茄直播app下载安装 含羞草ios免费下载 含羞草视频下载app视频污版 小狐仙直播ios免费下载 小优app下载安装 春水堂视频ios免费下载 年华直播app下载安装 蝶恋花直播下载app视频污版 春水堂视频app下载安装 梦鹿直播app下载安装 彩云直播下载app视频污版 夏娃直播ios免费下载 木瓜app下载安装 逗趣直播ios免费下载 午夜神器app下载安装 恋夜秀场app下载安装 咪哒app下载安装 台湾swagapp下载安装 含羞草实验研究所app下载安装 探花直播app下载安装 猫咪软件app下载安装 卡哇伊app下载污 色秀直播app下载安装 蓝颜ios免费下载 葫芦娃下载app视频污版 柚子直播ios免费下载 草鱼ios免费下载 樱花app下载安装 春水堂ios免费下载 health2app下载安装 云上花app下载污 香草视频下载app视频污版 大菠萝app下载安装 小姐姐直播下载app视频污版 9uuapp下载安装 花心社区ios免费下载 考拉直播ios免费下载 云上花app下载安装 宅男之家下载app视频污版 皮卡丘直播ios免费下载 富二代f2app下载安装 年华直播ios免费下载 大菠萝ios免费下载 浪浪视频app下载安装 葫芦娃ios免费下载 恋人直播app下载安装 花仙子直播ios免费下载 七秒鱼直播ios免费下载 番茄视频ios免费下载 萝卜视频app下载污 BB直播app下载安装 木瓜app下载安装 望月直播app下载安装 微杏app下载安装 萝卜视频app下载污 烟花巷ios免费下载 IAVBOBOapp下载安装 和欢视频app下载安装